Macular Degeneration

What is the Macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a progressive eye condition that affects the macula, a small area in the center of the retina responsible for central vision. AMD is one of the leading causes of vision loss in older adults.There are two main types of AMD:

  1. Dry AMD (Non-neovascular AMD): This is the more common form of AMD, accounting for about 80-90% of cases. It occurs when the macula thins and breaks down over time, gradually causing blurred or distorted central vision. Symptoms may include difficulty recognizing faces, reading, or performing tasks that require detailed vision.
  2. Wet AMD (Neovascular AMD): Wet AMD is less common but more severe. It involves abnormal blood vessel growth under the macula, which can leak blood and fluid, causing rapid and severe loss of central vision. Symptoms of wet AMD may include sudden onset of distorted or blurry central vision, as well as straight lines appearing wavy. Risk factors for AMD include aging, genetics (family history), smoking, obesity, and having lighter eye color. While AMD primarily affects central vision, it typically does not lead to total blindness because it does not affect peripheral vision.

Management of AMD focuses on slowing its progression and managing its effects on vision: Regular eye exams are essential for early detection and management of AMD. If you notice changes in your central vision or have risk factors for AMD, it's important to consult with us for evaluation and appropriate management. Early diagnosis and timely treatment can help preserve vision and quality of life for individuals with AMD. Book Eye Test